The Comprehensive Skincare Guide for All Skin Types and Complexions - OUTDOOR EDITION ⋆ selfology.co

The Comprehensive Skincare Guide for All Skin Types and Complexions – OUTDOOR EDITION

Hyperpigmentation Hormonal Pigmentation Sunburn Age Spots Melasma

The Comprehensive Skincare Guide for All Skin Types and Complexions – Outdoor Edition

適合所有皮膚類型和膚色的綜合護膚指南 – 活躍戶外版

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Table of Contents

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≡ Sunspots/
Age Spots

The best way to care for Sunspots/Age Spots

(aka. Solar Lentigines / Liver Spots)

Φ 老年斑 / 曬斑

Table of Contents

A Sunspots also also known as sun-induced freckle or solar lentigines. 

It is a dark (hyperpigmented) lesion caused by natural or artificial ultraviolet (UV) light.

Solar lentigines may be single or multiple.  

Solar lentigines are benign, but they do indicate excessive sun exposure, a risk factor that may rise to the development of skin cancer eventually if not properly cared for. 

Sunspots most commonly occur in older adults, particularly those who sunburn easily and fail to tan, but they may also occur in children.

Sunspots typically appear on areas exposed to natural or artificial UV light. They appear as well-defined, light brown to black, flat spots. In people who have been treated with a form of UV light therapy called PUVA, sunspots may occur in areas of the skin not exposed to UV light.

Exposure to UV radiation can cause Sunspots. You’re more likely to get this condition if you:

 

  • have fair skin
  • have been exposed to the sun a lot, or have had several sunburns
  • tan indoors
  • have had phototherapy or radiation therapy
  • In other cases, an inherited syndrome can cause lentigines.

People of all ages and both genders can get sunspots.

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  5. Clayton Shagal Sensi Derm Cream

  6. Clayton Shagal Nutri Sublime Cream

  7. Clayton Shagal Illumine Cream

  8. Clayton Shagal Cucumber and Avocado Mask

  9. Clayton Shagal AHA Exfoliating Mask

  10. Clayton Shagal Elastin Serum

  11. Clayton Shagal Mokaccino Mask

  12. Clayton Shagal AHA Scrub

  13. Clayton Shagal Bamboo and Honey Exfoliant

  14. Clayton Shagal Gel Lotion Cleanser

  15. Clayton Shagal Purifying Gel Cleanser

  16. Clayton Shagal Collagen Serum

  17. TIZO2® FACIAL PRIMER SUNSCREEN Non-Tinted Matte Finish SPF 40

  18. TIZO ULTRA ZINC BODY & FACE SUNSCREEN non-tinted dewy finish SPF 40

  19. Nano White Effect Brightening Gel Masque

  20. Clayton Shagal Clinical Colhy Gel

  21. Clayton Shagal Clinical Elasthy Gel

  22. Clayton Shagal Collagen Gel Plus

  23. Clayton Shagal Elastin Gel Plus

  24. Clayton Shagal Collagen Gel

  25. Clayton Shagal Elastin Gel

selfology.co/Skincare

≡ Melasma

The best way to (nearly) eliminate melasma

(aka Chloasma Faciei)

Φ 黄褐斑

Table of Contents

Melasma is a common acquired skin disorder that presents as a bilateral, blotchy, brownish facial pigmentation.


This form of facial pigmentation was previously called chloasma, but as this derives from the Greek meaning ‘to become green’, the term melasma (brown skin) is preferred.  


Melasma is a common skin problem. The condition causes dark, discoloured patches on your skin.


It’s also called chloasma, or the “mask of pregnancy,” when it occurs in pregnant women. The condition is much more common in women than men, though men can get it too. According to the American Academy of Dermatology, 90 percent of people who develop melasma are women.

Medications and scented products — new targeted therapies for cancer and perfumed soaps, toiletries, and cosmetics may cause a phototoxic reaction to trigger melasma.


Researchers are examining the roles of stem cell, neural, vascular, and local hormonal factors in promoting melanocyte activation. 


Melasma is more common in women than in men, with an onset typically between the ages of 20 and 40 years. Melasma is most common in people who tan easily or have naturally brown skin (Fitzpatrick skin phototypes III, IV). It is less common in people with fair skin (Fitzpatrick types I, II) or black skin (Fitzpatrick types V, VI).

Melasma causes patches of discoloration. The patches are darker than your usual skin color. It typically occurs on the face and is symmetrical, with matching marks on both sides of the face. Other areas of your body that are often exposed to sun can also develop melasma.

 

Brownish colored patches usually appear on the: cheeks, forehead, bridge of the nose, chin.  

 

It can also occur on the neck and forearms. The skin discoloration doesn’t do any physical harm, but you may feel self-conscious about the way it looks.

If you notice these symptoms of melasma, see your healthcare professional. They might refer you to a dermatologist, a doctor who specializes in treating skin disorders.

It isn’t totally clear what causes melasma. Darker-skinned individuals are more at risk than those with fair skin. Estrogen and progesterone sensitivity are also associated with the condition. This means birth control pills pregnancy, and hormone therapy can all trigger melasma. Stress and thyroid disease are also thought to be causes of melasma.

 

Additionally, sun exposure can cause melasma because ultraviolet rays affect the cells that control pigment (melanocytes).

 

Factors implicated in the development of melasma include:

 

Family history — 60% report affected family members

 

Sun exposure — ultraviolet and visible light promote melanin production.

 

Hormones — pregnancy and the use of oestrogen/progesterone-containing oral contraceptives, intrauterine devices, implants, and hormone replacement therapy, are implicated in one-quarter of affected women; thyroid disorders can be associated with melasma.

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  • OxyGeneo Facial
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  • Anti-Aging & Firming Radio Frequency Facial
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  2. Clayton Shagal Clinical Colhy Extract
  3. Clayton Shagal Idratense Cream
  4. Clayton Shagal Nutri Sublime Cream
  5. Clayton Shagal Illumine Cream
  6. Clayton Shagal Elastin Serum
  7. Clayton Shagal AHA Exfoliating Mask
  8. Clayton Shagal Mokaccino Mask
  9. Clayton Shagal AHA Scrub
  10. Clayton Shagal Bamboo and Honey Exfoliant
  11. Clayton Shagal Milk Cleanser
  12. Clayton Shagal Purifying Gel Cleanser
  13. Clayton Shagal Collagen Serum
  14. TIZO2® FACIAL PRIMER SUNSCREEN
  15. Non-Tinted Matte Finish SPF 40
  16. TIZO ULTRA ZINC BODY & FACE
  17. SUNSCREEN non-tinted dewy finish SPF 40
  18. Nano White Effect Brightening Gel Masque
  19. Clayton Shagal Clinical Colhy Gel
  20. Clayton Shagal Clinical Elasthy Gel
  21. Clayton Shagal Collagen Gel Plus
  22. Clayton Shagal Elastin Gel Plus
  23. Clayton Shagal Collagen Gel
  24. Clayton Shagal Elastin Gel
selfology.co/Skincare

≡ Fine Lines

The best way to care for Fine Lines

(aka Rhytides)

Φ 細紋

Table of Contents

Fine lines are small, shallow creases that form on thin, delicate skin. Fine lines on your face are associated with repetitive movements (think: frowning, smiling, squinting, and laughing).

 

You’ll usually see these fines lines first around your eyes and mouth.   This is because the skin there is relatively thin and moves a lot during the day.

 

On a more technical level, fine lines are less than two millimeters deep and are associated with the earliest signs of aging. Over time, these fine lines can develop into deeper folds and wrinkles.

The first visible fine lines appear around the eyes.


Fine lines around the eyes are often the first visible sign of skin aging and are known as ‘crow’s feet’ or ‘laughter lines’. This is because the thinner skin in this area is more prone to developing lines than elsewhere on the face. There fine lines develop into wrinkles and get more pronounced over time.

 

Loss of collagen and elastin

Sun exposure
Genetics
Aging
Fair skin
Dry skin
Smoking
Repetitive movements
Side sleeping

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  • OxyGeneo Facial
  • Anti-Aging & Firming Radio Frequency Facial
  • Dermal Fillers
  • Botulinum Toxin Injection ( BOTOX®)
  • Hydrafill Facial – Needleless Mesotherapy
  • Timeless Facial – Needleless Mesotherapy
  • One Love Facial with Hydrating Eye & Lip Mask
  • One Love Facial, Full Body Exfoliation, Hydrating Eye & Lip Mask
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  2. Clayton Shagal Clinical Colhy Extract

  3. Clayton Shagal Hyaluronic Acid Serum

  4. Clayton Shagal Idratense Cream

  5. Clayton Shagal Nutri Sublime Cream

  6. Clayton Shagal Illumine Cream

  7. Clayton Shagal Cucumber and Avocado Mask
  8. Clayton Shagal AHA Exfoliating Mask

  9. Clayton Shagal Elastin Serum

  10. Clayton Shagal Mokaccino Mask

  11. Clayton Shagal AHA Scrub

  12. Clayton Shagal Bamboo and Honey Exfoliant

  13. Clayton Shagal Oat Bran Scrub

  14. Clayton Shagal Milk Cleanser

  15. Clayton Shagal Collagen Serum

  16. TIZO2® FACIAL PRIMER SUNSCREEN Non-Tinted Matte Finish SPF 40

  17. Satin Smooth LuxGold Foil Sheet Mask

  18. Satin Smooth Luxgold Under Eye Sheet Mask

  19. Engel Gesicht Hyaluronic Acid Collagen Sheet Face Mask

  20. RVB ICON TIME SUPERMASK Anti-Age Repairing Mask

  21. RVB ICON TIME SUPERMASK Soothing Relax Mask for Eyes and Critical Points

  22. Clayton Shagal Hydra Derm Cream

  23. Clayton Shagal Clinical Colhy Gel

  24. Clayton Shagal Clinical Elasthy Gel

  25. Clayton Shagal Collagen Gel Plus

  26. Clayton Shagal Elastin Gel Plus

  27. Clayton Shagal Collagen Gel

  28. Clayton Shagal Elastin Gel

The Best Way to Care for Fine Lines

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selfology.co/Skincare

≡ Broken Capillaries

The best way to care for Broken Capillaries

(aka Telangiectasia)

Φ 毛细血管破裂

Table of Contents

Broken capillaries are also called “spider veins” — occur when they are dilated, or enlarged,  just beneath your skin’s surface. This results in small, red lines that spread out into a web-shaped form. They can develop anywhere on the body, but they’re more common on the face and legs.

While harmless, Broken Capillaries can become a nuisance if they make you self-conscious.  Spider veins are treatable and it all begins with exploring the underlying causes. 

Broken capillaries are tiny blood vessels that have burst under the skin that can appear in any location on the body, but are especially noticeable in the nose area or other regions of the face.

 

The red veins take on the shape of spiderwebs, which is why they are also called “spider veins.”

 

Some people tend to develop spider veins more than others. The fact is that broken capillaries can happen to anyone at any age, including children. Your risk factors depend on the particular cause.

 

There are many causes of broken blood vessels on the face. They include:

 

Heredity and genetics
For unknown reasons, spider veins tend to run in families. Individual risk factors also increase with age.

 

Pregnancy
An increase in estrogen hormones during pregnancy can lead to broken blood vessels. Pregnancy-related spider veins heal on their own after delivery. Skin changes are common in pregnancy.

 

Rosacea
This common skin condition leads to excessive redness and flushing. With erythematotelangiectatic rosacea, broken blood vessels are common.

 

Sun exposure
Excessive sun exposure can enlarge your blood vessels. If you get a sunburn, the top layer of skin may peel and temporarily make some of the blood vessels in your face more noticeable.


Weather changes

Hot weather increases blood vessel dilation.

 

Environmental or chemical irritants.


Alcohol consumption

Moderate or occasional alcohol consumption can cause your skin to flush due to the enlargement of blood vessels. Binge drinking and heavy alcohol use can eventually lead to spider veins.

 

Injuries. Minor to significant injuries can lead to bruising. With bruises on your face, broken blood vessels may also be noticeable.

 

Vomiting or sneezing
Sudden, extreme pressure in your face from a violent sneeze or a vomiting spell can break the blood vessels in the skin. 

 

 

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  5. Clayton Shagal Cucumber and Avocado Mask
  6. Clayton Shagal Elastin Serum
  7. Clayton Shagal Oat Bran Scrub
  8. Clayton Shagal Milk Cleanser
  9. Clayton Shagal Collagen Serum
  10. TIZO2® FACIAL PRIMER SUNSCREEN Non-Tinted Matte Finish SPF 40
  11. TIZO ULTRA ZINC BODY & FACE SUNSCREEN non-tinted dewy finish SPF 40
  12. Nano White Effect Brightening Gel Masque
  13. Clayton Shagal Hydra Derm Cream
  14. Clayton Shagal Clinical Colhy Gel
  15. Clayton Shagal Clinical Elasthy Gel
  16. Clayton Shagal Collagen Gel Plus
  17. Clayton Shagal Elastin Gel Plus
  18. Clayton Shagal Collagen Gel
  19. Clayton Shagal Elastin Gel

The Best Way to Care for Broken Capillaries

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selfology.co/Skincare

≡ Dehydrated Skin

The best way to care for Dehydrated Skin

Φ

Table of Contents

Dehydrated skin means that your skin is lacking water. It can be dry and itchy and perhaps dull looking, too.

 

Your overall tone and complexion may appear uneven, and fine lines are more noticeable.

 

While dehydrated skin can be a nuisance, it’s relatively easy to treat with the right lifestyle changes.

 

Treatment begins from the inside out to replenish and maintain hydration throughout your body.

 

Dehydrated skin can appear dry, but it’s not the same has having a dry skin type.

 

The symptoms of dehydrated skin can include:

  • a feeling of tightness
  • mild to severe flaking and scaling
    rough skin texture
  • sensitivity, itchiness and inflammation

Fine lines dehydration can cause the following symptoms:

  • itchiness
  • dullness
  • darker under-eye circles
  • sunken eyes
There are numerous causes of dehydration, including:
  • not drinking enough water
  • weather and environment
  • exposure to the sun, wind, cold,
  • indoor heating and air conditioning can all cause moisture to evaporate from the skin
  • sweating too much
  • losing fluids through diarrhea or vomiting
  • having a fever
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  • Ocean Sixty (O60) – Full Body Massage with Option of Selfology Healing Facial
  • Oceanic Facial
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  4. Clayton Shagal Hydra Light Cream
  5. Clayton Shagal Cucumber and Avocado Mask
  6. Clayton Shagal Moisturizing Mask
  7. Clayton Shagal Bamboo and Honey Exfoliant
  8. Clayton Shagal Milk Cleanser
  9. Clayton Shagal Body Cream
  10. Clayton Shagal Collagen Serum
  11. TIZO2® FACIAL PRIMER SUNSCREEN Non-Tinted Matte Finish SPF 40
  12. TIZO ULTRA ZINC BODY & FACE SUNSCREEN non-tinted dewy finish SPF 40
  13. Engel Gesicht Hyaluronic Acid Collagen Sheet Face Mask
  14. Nano White Effect Brightening Gel Masque
  15. Clayton Shagal Hydra Derm Cream
  16. Clayton Shagal Clinical Colhy Gel
  17. Clayton Shagal Collagen Gel Plus
  18. Clayton Shagal Collagen Gel
  19. Clayton Shagal Idratense Cream
  20. Clayton Shagal Nutri Sublime Cream
  21. Clayton Shagal Illumine Cream

The Best Way to Care for Dehydrated Skin​

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Φ
selfology.co/Skincare

≡ Dull Skin

The best way to care for Dull Skin

Φ

Table of Contents

​Dull skin is skin that looks lacklustre, flat, or even grey, and may even feel rough or bumpy to the touch. What causes dull skin? It’s the result of dead skin cell build-up on the surface of your skin, and it can happen at any age and in any weather.
 

Dull skin may be accompanied by the following signs and symptoms:

  • Uneven skin tone
  • Roughness in the skin
  • Lack of skin elasticity
  • Fine lines
  • Discoloration
  • Sagginess or wrinkling
  • Lentigines and age spots
  • Dryness
  • Itchiness
  • Dark undereyes

Dry skin
Think about how a dried, shriveled up apple looks compared to a fresh one full of moisture—the same idea is what happens to your skin when it’s dehydrated.  Without moisture, the skin becomes dry and dehydrated, which can in turn leave it looking dull.  Dry skin also makes fine lines and wrinkles look even more harsh.

 

Not enough moisturizer, dry climates, long hot showers, and indoor air can all contribute to drying out your skin.


Excess Dead Skin Cells

The skin naturally sheds away dead skin cells but as you age that rate at which that happens slows down. When these dead skin cells start to build up it blocks the fresh, new skin underneath from shining through.

Aging
As we age, the amount of moisturizer our skin naturally produces decreases along with collagen production (aka what makes babies faces so plump), while melanin production increases, leading to more dark spots for an uneven skin tone.

Environmental Damage
Sun exposure and environmental pollution produce free radicals in the skin that harm cells and can also lead to excess pigment, loss of collagen, and skin damage.

Stress
Chronic stress leads to increased cortisol in the body and skin, which contributes to increased inflammation of the skin.

Cortisol increase in these cases can also worsen inflammatory skin conditions, like rosacea and acne, but can also contribute to an uneven, dull complexion.

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  4. Clayton Shagal AHA Exfoliating Mask
  5. Clayton Shagal Elastin Serum
  6. Clayton Shagal Mokaccino Mask
  7. Clayton Shagal AHA Scrub
  8. Clayton Shagal Oat Bran Scrub
  9. Clayton Shagal Purifying Gel Cleanser
  10. Clayton Shagal Collagen Serum
  11. Nano White Effect Brightening Gel Masque
  12. Clayton Shagal Clinical Colhy Gel
  13. Clayton Shagal Clinical Elasthy Gel
  14. Clayton Shagal Collagen Gel Plus
  15. Clayton Shagal Elastin Gel Plus
  16. Clayton Shagal Collagen Gel
  17. Clayton Shagal Elastin Gel

The Best Way to Care for Dull Skin

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Φ
selfology.co/Skincare

≡ Sunburn

The best way to care for Sunburned Skin

Φ 曬傷

Table of Contents

Sunburn is red, painful skin that feels hot to the touch. It usually appears within a few hours after too much exposure to ultraviolet (UV) light from sunshine or artificial sources, such as sunlamps. Home remedies can usually provide sunburn relief, but sunburn may take days to fade.

 

 

Intense, repeated UV light exposure that results in sunburn increases the risk of other skin damage, such as dark spots, rough spots, and dry or wrinkled skin. It also raises the risk of skin cancers such as melanoma.

 

 

You can prevent sunburn and related conditions by protecting your skin. This is especially important when you’re outdoors, even on cool or cloudy days.

 

 

Sunburn signs and symptoms can include:

 
  • Changes in skin tone, such as pinkness or redness
  • Skin that feels warm or hot to the touch
  • Pain and tenderness
  • Swelling
  • Small fluid-filled blisters, which may break
  • Headache, fever, nausea and fatigue, if the sunburn is severe
  • Eyes that feel painful or gritty
  • Any exposed part of your body — including your earlobes, scalp and lips — can burn. Even covered areas can burn if, for example, your clothing has a loose weave that allows ultraviolet (UV) light through. Your eyes, which are extremely sensitive to the sun’s UV light, also can burn.

  • Sunburn signs and symptoms usually appear within a few hours after sun exposure. But it may take a day or more to know how severe the sunburn is.

    Within a few days, your body may start to heal itself by peeling the damaged skin’s top layer. After peeling, your skin may temporarily have an irregular color and pattern. A bad sunburn may take several days to heal.

    Risk factors for sunburn include:

    • Having light skin, blue eyes, and red or blond hair
    • Living or vacationing somewhere sunny, warm or at high altitude
    • Working outdoors
    • Swimming or spraying your skin with water, as wet skin tends to burn more than does dry skin
    • Mixing outdoor recreation and drinking alcohol
    • Regularly exposing unprotected skin to UV light from sunlight or artificial sources, such as tanning beds
    • Taking a drug that makes you more likely to burn (photosensitizing medications)